What are the most common mistakes first-time entrepreneurs make?

[ I found this nice answer on quora. Very informative. I am also entrepreneur, and i would like to be in touch with others, so i have added contact form at the end of this post. if you feel, please drop me some lines via that form.

-Gaurav Chauhan]

 

Answer by Yash Kotak:

I started my first company Lumos right after graduating from IIT Gandhinagar. Dreamy eyed noobs that we were, we made tons of mistakes.

I’ll mention the top 5 mistakes we made that led to our failure. But first the story to give you some background:

July 2014

In July, we started building smart internet connected switches that learn from user behavior and automate all the electronic appliances in a home.

We felt that it’s a pity that our search results and news feed are personalized to us but our homes, where we spend most of our time, are not.

We had a vision that our switches will learn and personalize the electronic appliances in a home to its owner. We decided to name the company Lumos.(Yes, I am a big Harry Potter Fan!)

We took some pre-seed investment from an angel investor and headed off to our alma mater IIT Gandhinagar to get incubated. We converted a lab into our office space and the Lumos saga started!

The Lumos Team at Work!

We built like crazy. That’s the thing about us engineers; if you give us something interesting to build, we will forget everything else and just build. Our first prototype, which automated lights, was ready in 45 days.

The second prototype, which could automate lights, fans, ACs and water heaters was out in another month. This is really fast according to hardware standards.

November 2014

In mid-November, we got a product designer on board to design the final product. In December, we were already in talks with investors to raise the next round of funding.

Our First PCB (That did not work :P )

We were on track to have a market-ready hardware product in less than one year. We were pleased with ourselves. The investors were pleased with us. Life was a bed of roses.

December 2014

Until it was not. We had underestimated the work that goes into making a market-ready hardware product. We had overestimated the demand and utility of our product.

Hardware products sell at 4x–5x the component costs. How did we not know this?!

We were wildly wrong about the price at which we thought our product would sell. And when all this realization came together, shit got real.

January 2015-April 2015

We were forced into a deathly spiral of pivots that almost killed the company. We made bigger mistakes. We left IoT as a sector. We lost a cofounder on the way. The pivots are a long story. I’ll save it for another day.

Now that you have some background, here are the top 5 mistakes we made in Lumos and what we learnt from them.


Mistake 1: We were neither experts nor target users of the product that we were building.

We had never used the existing home automation products in our homes. We were not experts in the IoT sector. When you have new at something, you give yourself the famous Dunning Kruger Pass on your decisions.

“The Dunning–Kruger effect is a cognitive bias wherein unskilled individuals suffer from illusory superiority, mistakenly assessing their ability to be much higher than is accurate.”

And we did give ourselves the Dunning Kruger pass. Had we been users of existing smart switches, we would have known that the incremental value that our product was offering was quite low. Had we been experts in IoT, we would have known how to price hardware and the difficulties in building it.

By avoiding this mistake, you can avoid a lot of other mistakes which happen as a result of this one.

Learning: Work on something where you are either an expert or a top user. If not, become an expert/top user.

Homejoy founder Adora Cheung herself worked as a professional cleaner to understand the business.

Mistake 2: We did not do the due diligence on the idea before we started building the product.

We did not understand the market and competition well enough. We also did not figure out the persona of our customer. And whether that customer was looking for the value that we were providing.

We did not question whether we would be able to provide that value in that first place.(Machine Learning cannot read the human mind. Not yet!).

It is always possible to validate or disvalidate a lot of assumptions about the product, market and competition without building the full-fledged product.

One way we could have done it was by selling existing products to our potential customers.

Learning: I learnt this very useful method in an accelerator. Make a thorough list of hinge-breaking assumptions for your market, product and competition. Hinge breaking assumptions are those that can make or break your company.

Rank them according to probability of the assumption being wrong and subsequent risk to company. Start validating from the top while building as less as possible.

Mistake 3: We let sunk cost bias affect our decisions about pivoting.

It was not that we were clueless about the problems in our product. We had doubts in our minds. In a startup, you almost always have doubts. But we had built so much. We were in love with our product. And we were not ready to ask the difficult questions.

Is it okay to be doubtful about your product? Is it okay to voice your doubts and bring the team morale down?

Or make your cofounders feel that you are not as committed to the idea and the vision as they are?

It helps to be transparent about your doubts with co-founders in the long run.

It would have saved us a couple of months and some money.

Learning: It is absolutely necessary for founders to be committed to the vision of the company. However, there are multiple ways to achieve a vision. Don’t fall in love with one way. Accept the possibility that you might have to start things over from scratch.

Build a culture of transparency in your company. Encourage dissent among cofounders and deal with it objectively.

Mistake 4: We were trying to do everything for everybody.

We were making switches that could automate your lights, fans, ACs and water heaters. We would have tried to automate your TV, Fridge, Oven and Car as well had it been feasible to do so.

We were pitching power savings as well as luxury. This made the product and the pitch very complicated.

Learning: As a startup, you are constrained in resources. So it is always better to identify and solve one problem very well instead of solving n problems in a so-so way.

Nest solved the heating problem. Dropcam and Canary solved the security problem. Try to be a drug for your customer instead of being a vitamin.

Mistake 5: We underestimated hardware.

Building a successful startup is hard. Building a hardware startup is 10 times harder.

Pebble, with all its Kickstarter success, is still in troubled waters.

Building a prototype is the easiest part of building a hardware startup. The real challenge comes in product design, production engineering, manufacturing, distribution and marketing/sales. And you need to have friends in China.

Also, hardware product validation and iteration cycles are much longer than software ones. Getting funding is relatively difficult; VCs ask for traction(~$1M on Kickstarter/Indiegogo last I heard)because of the inherent risk in a hardware startup.

Managing cash flows is hard because you have to pay your vendors months before you get paid from your customers.

Source: The Lean Hardware Startup: Investing in Hardware Startups

Considering all this, we were not the right team to build a hardware company.

Learning: Understand what you are getting into if you are starting a hardware company and plan accordingly. Get experienced people on your team or get into a hardware accelerator like HAXLR8R.

Today.

Eventually, we ended up leaving hardware and IoT and decided to build something that solves a problem that we had experienced.

Since Gandhinagar(where Lumos was located) does not have many startups, interacting and sharing experiences with other entrepreneurs was always a big problem for us.

Also, we had to subscribe to a lot of blogs (crowded inbox) just to stay updated with top content on Entrepreneurship.

We decided to build FundaMine to solve this problem.

FundaMine is a community for professionals to stay updated and interact with others in their profession.

Currently, FundaMine has communities(mines) on Entrepreneurship, Product Management, Android Dev and IoT. Do check it out!

Drop me a line at yashpkotak@gmail.com if you have any comments or want to discuss anything in detail. I can also be reached at @YashPKotak. If you are in Bangalore, we can also catch up for a cup of coffee!

What are the most common mistakes first-time entrepreneurs make?

 

How to get paid application for free, legally from Google Play Store?

From http://www.androidpolice.com/

What can be awesome than free?

What can be more interested than free?

Lets check out FREE APP OF THE WEEK n play store?

We are used to get some free app which were free otherwise from amazon app store. FREE thing is oldest and working marketing idea to get more customers. When you offer something for free, people feel that let`s check out. After all it is free. So on one mighty day at Google headquarter some one thought the same and here we are. Google play store offers free app of the week. You can download a paid application for free.

Now what you have to do is go to play store app, find the FAMILY FUN image and tap on it.

From https://i2.wp.com/www.androidpolice.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/nexus2cee_FreeApp1.pngOnce you tap on NEW FAMILY FUN, you are redirected to family section where you find another image saying free app of the week.

From https://i1.wp.com/www.androidpolice.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/nexus2cee_FreeApp2.png

Tap on free app of the week and you are good to go. Remember you have to install via taping FREE APP OF THE WEEK. if you manually search and install the same app, you will be charged. Be careful.

Source: http://www.androidpolice.com/2015/06/12/google-play-offers-its-first-free-app-of-the-week-a-pbs-app-tucked-away-in-the-family-section/

Which StackOverflow questions are worth to read, even without any reason?

Answer by Rohit Jain:

Oh dear.. There are hell lot of them. I usually mark such questions as favourite. So, I’m going to pour selected questions from my favourites list here. I hope you’d love to go through them:

General Programming Questions:

Java Related Questions:

Git Related Questions:

JavaScript Related Questions:

Python Related Questions:

C++ Related Questions:

And here comes the beauty – Regex Related Questions (hold your breath):

To end with, here’s something you should bookmark right-away, so you can read whenever you’re feeling low, to enlighten you:

Will keep on adding if I come across some interesting questions.

Which StackOverflow questions are worth to read, even without any reason?

Is there any TV series better than Game of Thrones?

Original thread on quora

Answer by Ankit Singh Yadav:


At present, I won’t say these ( mentioned below) are better because genre is completely different but they are in the same league as of GoT-


1.The Americans –

Spy story set in cold war era.I’m hooked already.Put in excellent writing,superb acting, a clear conceptual vision and you got a great show. It does the near-impossible of making American viewers cheer for Russian spies in America  ( Can you believe that ).The series is created and produced by former CIA officer Joe Weisberg.Set during the Cold War period in the 1980s, The Americans is the story of Elizabeth (Keri Russell) and Philip Jennings (Matthew Rhys), two Soviet KGB officers posing as an American married couple living in the Northern Virginia suburbs of Washington, D.C. with their unsuspecting children (Holly Taylor and Keidrich Sellati) and their neighbor, Stan Beeman (Noah Emmerich), an FBI counterintelligence agent. It just finished it’s second season and it’s the highest rated show of 2014.


2.Fargo –

It’s an American dark comedy-crime drama television series inspired by the 1996 film of the same name.Fargo has received broad acclaim from television critics. The review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes currently reports a 98% “certified fresh” critics rating. Fargo presents more quirky characters and a new storyline that is expertly executed with dark humor and odd twists.

3.True Detective –

True Detective is an American television crime drama series on HBO created and written by Nic Pizzolatto. It’s about two detectives, Matthew McConaughey and Woody Harrelson of Louisiana State Police Criminal Investigations Division hunting for a serial killer in Louisiana across seventeen years. Many top critics call it the best show of 2014. Matthew McConaughey is just too good.He is going to give Heisenberg a run for his money at Emmy’s this year ( already won ahead of  him at critics choice award this year ).It’s current IMDB rating 9.4.It’s anthology series.

Few other mentions-

4. House of Cards –
I would say the second season is way better than the first.It”s all politics,power and corruption.They add chinese angle to the second season too.And did i say Kevin Spacey was awesome.

5.American Horror Story –
It’s genre is horror and it’s an anthology series,with  each season is conceived as a self-contained miniseries.It has three great seasons.

Potential to be Great –

1. Outlander -:
One of the most awaited show for past one year or so and for the book fans the wait of 23 years is over.It’s finally here. The pilot is too good and true to book. So Outlander is a World War II-era woman time-travels back to 18th-century Scotland. Sounds ridiculous? Well it should be but  it’s much much better than I’m making it sound.  Outlander has a woman at its center. That woman, Claire (Caitroina Balfe), is neither hapless nor incompetent. She has a job and we see her doing it(a nurse in world war 2 ). She has complicated thoughts about love, duty, and honor. She argues; she’s obstinate; she’s unruly. She’s passionate and sexual but not sexualized.
The scenery is delicious; the leading man is handsome, and his accent is legit.There are visceral action scenes; there are men being men and living the sort of simple life of honor.There are even witches and time travel and the music is damn good.Reviews have been great for first season not just for pilot. Whether it’s a  female version of Game of Thrones as some people are calling it  or not i will be coming back for more.It has all the ingredients of a hit .

2.Halt and Catch Fire – Just watch the first two episodes and i will be coming back for more.The series is set in the early 1980s ( 1983 ) and depicts a fictionalized insider’s view of the personal computer revolution. Reverse engineering an IBM chip and all that.
EDIT – It’s a dud.Don’t waste your time watching it.
3.Orange is the new Black – It’s based on Piper Kerman’s memoir,Orange Is the New Black: My Year in a Women’s Prison, about her experiences in prison.First season received universal acclaimed.

My All Time Top Five –

1. Band of Brothers

I always have keen interest in the WWII  and stories related to it.It took me 3 years to complete it because I don’t want it to be over ever but all good things has to end . It’s the highest rated item on IMDB, no other movie/series/mini-series has matched it yet. It has 9.6 rating.
Let me just quote some top reviews for it because i don’t think i can write better than them.
Caryn James of The New York Times called it “an extraordinary 10-part series that masters its greatest challenge: it balances the ideal of heroism with the violence and terror of battle, reflecting what is both civilized and savage about war.”
Robert Bianco of USA Today said the series was “significantly flawed and yet absolutely extraordinary — just like the men it portrays,”

New York Post ,Adam Buckman  — ” After watching the 10-hour Band of Brothers, I’m so drained by the intensity of what I have just beheld that I’m ready to declare this World War II miniseries the finest piece of work ever produced for television.”

Howard Rosenberg of Los Angeles Times ” — May be the best-ever film depiction of war in the trenches, large screen or small, and TV’s loftiest miniseries since the Brits sent over “The Jewel in the Crown” in 1984. Give Band of Brothers a medal.”

Robert W. Butle of Kansas City Star — “Over nine weeks and 10 hours, this extraordinary television event looks for humanity in the midst of carnage and despair. Time and time again, Band of Brothers finds it.”

2.Breaking Bad –

Have been watching it when first episode aired in USA and over the course of six years became so attached to it that when it ended last year it left a hole which is near impossible to fill. Any list of greatest show of all time without Breaking Bad is incomplete. In 2014, Breaking Bad entered the Guinness Book of Records as the highest rated show of all time.
All Hail the Great Heisenberg.

3.The Wire –

Well if it hasn’t been for season 5 it might be number one on the list.

4. The Sopranos –

This show made HBO what it is today.

5.Friends

The Shield

Mad Men

Deadwood

Person of Interest

Twin Peaks-

Can’t pick one.

I hope to see Game of Thrones on this list once it’s finished.


Is there any TV series better than Game of Thrones?

Why can’t we access the sites in the Deep Web (Onion/Tor) without a specially built browser?

Answer by Franck Dernoncourt:

We can. E.g. for Chrome follow the instructions: How do you configure Google Chrome to use TOR?

1. Download Vidalia from
Download Tor
2. Install Vidalia – a TOR client with GUI.
3. Wait until Vidalia tells you that Tor is working.
4. Start Google Chrome.
5. Using the Tools menus (it looks like a wrench), choose options, “Under the hood”. Scroll down to “Network” and click the “Change Proxy Setting” button.
6. Under the “Connections” tab, choose “LAN Setting” – Select Use Proxy server and enter “Localhost” and port 8118.
7. Save your work and return to the Chrome web browser. Check that you are using TOR by going to
Are you using Tor?
A Green message will indicate that TOR is operating correctly. A Red message will indicate that TOR is not set up correctly.
8. Continue to surf using TOR

On Firefox there used to be a nice extension for this, but it has been stopped due to Firefox:
Tor Project: Torbutton :

Torbutton is the component in Tor Browser Bundle that takes care of application-level security and privacy concerns in Firefox. To keep you safe, Torbutton disables many types of active content.

Now that the Tor Browser Bundle includes a patched version of Firefox, and because we don’t have enough developer resources to keep up with the accelerated Firefox release schedule, the toggle model of Torbutton is no longer supported.

Regarding Freenet, you can also choose any browser you want.

Lastly, you confuse Deep Web with Tor/Onion. Check out Deep Web.

Why can’t we access the sites in the Deep Web (Onion/Tor) without a specially built browser?

 

I also found following from REDDIT thread here:

Background – The so called “Deep Web” is the name of the part of the internet that is not indexed by search engines. It is made to be browsed anonymously and therefore you can only access it by a specific method (see below). It uses mainly .onion URL extension and random combinations of letters and numbers for the domain name.

Content – The deep web contains almost everything, if you have the time to look for it. Content on the deep web can be generated per query, and therefore the amount of content it actually has might be greater than you might expect. However, when you combine a completely anonymous way of access and the internet, you obviously end up with a lot of child porn, illegal drug trade, hiring of trained killers, etc. But, if you ignore that stuff, you can find a lot of interesting topics here, and it is also a good way to get a status update on the armpit of society. The main access route to the deep web is known as “The Hidden Wiki.” It contains most of the .onion links that you will need to go skinny dipping in the shark tank known as the internet.

Access – Accessing the deep web is entirely up to you. I went on for the first time today, and so far have not had my identity stolen, and no police have shown up at my door. Maybe I am just lucky, maybe this is how it always is. I do, however, HIGHLY recommend you check this place out. It is very interesting, and you get to venture in to a brave new world full of things that will both shock and intrigue you.

With that said, here is all you need to access the deep web:

Tor Browser: https://www.torproject.org/download/download.html.en (download the Tor Browser Bundle)

The Hidden Wiki: http://kpvz7ki2v5agwt35.onion/wiki/index.php/Main_Page (once you have Tor up and running, enter this link in to the browser and prepare yourself)

Enjoy yourself, and remember: STAY SAFE! I cannot stress that enough. I do not know how dangerous this place is, but I do know that bad people lurk around there. Just try not to get too involved with whatever “community” you may find, and you should be fine.

EDIT 1: For information, visit the Wikipedia article.

EDIT 2: This is a picture of “The Hidden Wiki”

EDIT 3: The Hidden Wiki is currently DOWN.

 

This article is combined from a quora answer and reddit post. See them here and here.

Why is Narendra Modi failing as a PM?

Answer by Praseed Sahu:

A hypothetical scenario: Narendra bhai is the teacher of a child whose name is India and Xi Xinping is the teacher of a child named China. Once Xi come’s to Modi’s house for snacks. He sees India studying hard from a maths book. Interested Xi calls India to him and asks,” What are you studying? The kid quickly replies, “Multiplication of two single digit  numbers.”
“That’s interesting”, replied Xi. “For how long have you been studying it?” Xi quizzed further. “Ummmm, for around 68 years” replied the kid.
“Cool, then you must be knowing a lot about multiplication, right??”
“Yes…..”, came a nervous reply from the boy.
“OK, then tell me what 5*5 is?”
“34”, came the reply.
After hearing the reply Narendra goes and pats on his back and gifts him a chocolate.
Seeing this Xi gets confused and asks Narendra,” Hey, that kid just gave a wrong answer and you are appreciating him.”
Narendra calmly replied “A year ago before I started teaching him he was replying 473, now he has arrived at 34, see? he is getting closer, in a few years he will give the correct answer”.

That is exactly what our PM Shri Narendra Damodardas Modi is doing. Can you imagine the deep shit the country was in before he assumed the position he is in? He is a master strategist and a shrewd politician. These two skills are what is desperately required in the leader of our country. Lets see what he has done so far.

1. One ring to rule them all. He is the supreme leader. He has done justice to the words Prime Minister. See that word Prime? No other leader in the country has commanded the reigns of general administration in our country like this man. The big four, Home, Finance, Defense,  and Foreign Affairs directly report to him. Without his approval not a bird can land in the premises of central secretariat. The secretaries of the various ministries instead of reporting to their respective ministers report to him more often. The way he has trained the bureaucracy to take decisions is really praiseworthy. During crisis like Yemen insurgency and Nepal earthquakes the officers took lightning fast decision to handle the crisis. In short he has given hope to the people of this nation that their elected leader can be trusted.

2. His team is like the Avengers type. The worst partnership that India had was of Manmohan Singh as PM and Pratibha Patil as President. A toothless PM with a woman who had no respect for the post. The Executive branch of the Indian Government was in shambles. But NaMo’s team consists of Arun Jaitley, Sushma Swaraj, Manohar Parikar, Suresh Prabhu, Rajnath Singh. Each of them are stalwarts in their respective fields and have a distinct flavor of their own. It’s like the Avengers with NaMo as Captain America. he is the first leader who has shunned nepotism and appointed worthy people to lead various ministries.

3. Image of the country in the world.

This is what he unveiled in Germany when he was there for bilateral meetings. He has visited nearly 18 foreign trips. He has become the brand ambassador of our country. Who better to be this than the PM?
Wherever he goes he advertises the potential of our country in terms of demographic dividend, resources we have, the friendliness of the government, opportunities for all etc. His visits to the countries have promised around 100 billion dollars investment.

4. He has engaged the Indian diaspora in the world and promised them that he will make a India of their dreams.


This is what Madison Square looked like when he was giving a speech. The type of confidence he is installing in them is what is required after 10 years of shit rule. On his suggestion UN adopted the International Yoga Day quickly after the proposal was moved.

5. The out of box schemes he has planned for the people of this nation

  • Make In India: Will create crores of jobs, increase exports, boost our  manufacturing sector, defense industry will be biggest beneficiary of it
  • Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao: Will go a long way in improving the  condition of  girls
  • Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana: provides insurance cover at 5  paise  per day
  • GST Bill: One tax to replace all others, will go a long way in improving  the  economy
  • Skill India: To train the youth of the country and reap the benefits of  the young age population
  •   PM Jan Dhan Yojana:  Has increased financial inclusion like never   before,  around 16 crore bank accounts opened so far in a few months,   also  awarded Guinness record
  • Swachh Bharat: He has promised that he will provide a clean and green India in a couple of years.

6. The free hand he has provided to the army to maintain our sovereignty

‘We don’t think twice before pulling the trigger… We know Delhi is with us’: BSF commander

Concluding I would like to say that all these ideas need time to show results. That old guy hardly sleeps for 3 hours and is constantly working hard so that he can build an India of which Indian’s have dreamt for long. Saying that he has failed as a PM is utmost disgrace to the most honest and hardworking leader our country has ever seen. As I write this answer on Quora I remenber something he said at Madisson Square garden

“PEOPLE ASK WHAT IS YOUR VISION, WHAT IS YOUR BIG VISION? I SAY BHAI, I GOT HERE BY WAY OF SELLING TEA (CROWD ERUPTS IN APPLAUSE). I AM A SIMPLE (CHHOTA) MAN. I LIKE FOCUSING ON SIMPLE AND SMALL TASKS. I WANT TO ACCOMPLISH BIG THINGS FOR THE LITTLE GUY.”



KEEP CALM AND BELIEVE IN NaMo.

Why is Narendra Modi failing as a PM?

LinkedIn: What makes a LinkedIn profile great?

Answer by Aaron Clayton-Dunn:

I work at a startup and we’re building out our engineering staff. In order to find our application engineer last spring, I spent weeks scouring LinkedIn. Having read thousands of profiles, I figure I’ll summarize what makes a profile stand out to me. If you are looking for a technical role and you want to generate a lot of interest from recruiters, here’s my advice:

1. Upload a picture. Of you. Yes, your face. At a good resolution. Why? Two reasons. One—when recruiters spend all day looking at profiles, it’s easy to forget that each profile is actually linked to a human being, not just a humanoid machine that may or may not meet the job requirements. A picture of said human is a good reminder of that. Two—recruiters end up seeing the same profiles again and again as they try out hundreds of different filters. Because visual memory is one of our species’ superpowers, the picture will anchor your profile in recruiters’ minds. When they stumble upon it again, they’ll remember you and continue building their mental model of you instead of starting over from scratch.

2. Make a call to action in your summary. If you are willing to speak to recruiters, encourage readers to get in touch.

3. Include your contact information unless you are categorically closed off to anyone reaching out to you for any reason. Who knows what someone will want to get in touch about! Add the “Advice for Contacting” section and put your email address in an obscured format like first (AT) last (DOT) com to evade unwanted attention from simple-minded bots. I would urge you not to rely on people contacting you through LinkedIn’s messaging system for a few reasons. Not every recruiter has the paid account which allows you to contact people that way. Those who do have paid accounts have limits on the number of people they can converse with. Finally, the messaging system is surprisingly buggy.

4. Write a summary that gets at the heart of what you’re interested in doing and conveys both your expertise and your eagerness to learn and take on new challenges.

At the end of the summary, just go ahead and write “Keywords: graphics, graphics engine, game engine, OpenGL, WebGL, C++, [insert 30 more].” By using the term “keywords,” you don’t have to shy away from redundancies which are helpful to include if you want to turn up in lots of searches. “Skills” is a good approach too, especially when you take the time to break the skills into categories. Feel free to include both keywords and skills.

5. Convey your passion for something. And not just your passion for solving hard problems. That’s what everybody writes. What do you love to work on and think about? Games? Distributed systems? Bioinformatics? Write that! And don’t stop there. If you’re actively pursuing a new job, explain the type of role you’re seeking, the company size you’re targeting, and the technologies you’re excited to explore. It’s not just about finding a job. You’re a software engineer; believe me, you can get a job. It’s about finding a job you love.

6. For each section in your work experience, list your responsibilities and accomplishments. Be honest, be specific, and use numbers when possible.
7. Don’t write big paragraphs. Break up your ideas into logical chunks and use single dashes or tildes for bullet points.

8. Link to other places you want people to find you online. If possible, showcase your work on Github or on a “projects” or “portfolio” page on your personal website.

9. Here’s a good one from Mr. Friedman, my ninth grade English teacher: read over your writing out loud. You’ll weed out some typos and realize when a sentence has taken a turn for the worse.

10. Ask one or two friends who write well to read over your profile. They’ll help you make your points succinctly and fix up your grammar mistakes. Hopefully they’ll wince and stop you from writing a summary like “People often call on me to solve arbitrarily complex problems” or a headline like “Perceiving the future.” I didn’t make those quotes up.

11. If you’re looking for a job in a new city, update your location to that new city. This step is easily overlooked but actually quite important. The city you choose dictates who contacts you and what jobs LinkedIn recommends to you.

12. If your job experience involves a number of shorter engagements, be aware that this might be a “red flag” for certain employers who are looking for someone with a track record of long-term commitments. If you are looking for a long-term position but you’ve held a number of positions for less than a year, I would suggest saying something in your summary to create a short narrative of your career path and aspirations and affirm that you are looking to make a serious commitment to a new employer. Alternatively, if you are looking for part-time or short-term engagements, make that clear in your summary. That’s perfectly fine too and it’s always good to be upfront about what you’re looking for.

13. Solicit a handful of strong recommendations.

That’s all I’ve got for now. Good luck finding a job where you learn a lot, work on something important, and spend your time with people you admire and enjoy working with!

LinkedIn: What makes a LinkedIn profile great?

Chrome is written in C++, Assembly and Python. How were they able to write three different languages and come up with one product?

Answer by Anoop Aryal:

Most of the popular applications are a mix of languages. It’s been a general “technique” for the longest time to write the base system using C/C++, embed a scripting language, build the rest of the application in that scripting language. I don’t have the exact details right – but generally speaking:

1. Adobe family of products (photoshop, acrobat, illustrator etc) are written in C/C++, embed a Javascript (adobe calls their implementation ActionScript), and then the UI etc. are written in Javascript.

2. Microsoft products (word, excel, powerpoint) are written in C/C++, embed a VB engine and the UI etc. are written in VB. Or were, at some point. Not sure what the state of the state is there anymore. Haven’t kept track in a long time.

3. Emacs – base is implemented in C. Embeds an elisp interpreter. Rest of the system is written in elisp. They have been trying to move to Guile instead of elisp for a long time. Don’t know where that’s at.

4. AutoCAD: embeds a lisp engine of some type.

So much so that there are languages created for the sole purpose of embedding into an app and building out the rest of the app in that language. Tcl, LUA, Guile to name a few.

This is done so that you get an “easy” language that you do most of your work in (UI’s don’t need raw speed since most of the time they are waiting for user input anyhow), but the base system — written in C/C++ — integrates with the OS well and is fast.

Just google LUA and look up where that’s used. You might be surprised how many apps are using it this way.

TL;DR: it’s nothing new. Most big application suites embed a higher level language that allows extending the core that’s in C/C++.

Update (05/09/2015):
Some have commented asking about how to actually do it. So I’m including this update to get you started in the right direction.

The steps, at a very high level, are:
1. Figure out what the fundamental “primitives” are. It’s like settling/standardizing on 2″x4″x8′, 4″x4″x8′ etc. wood pieces for the basic building material.
2. Implement that in C/C++
3. Pick an imbedded language you want to use (Lua, Python, Tcl are the go-to open source options)
4. Follow the documentation to embed the language interpreter inside your app. Lua is arguably the simplest/easiest to do this with. See Embedding a scripting language inside your C/C++ code for Lua and specifically read the sections “Calling from C into a Lua script” and “Call from Lua into your C application“.
5. If you expose all the “primitives” from #1 using the steps from “Call from Lua into your C application”, you can now write the rest of your app in Lua.

For C/C++/Python:
Embedding Python in Another Application

For the rest, google “Embedding ” and you’ll find plenty of tutorials…

Chrome is written in C++, Assembly and Python. How were they able to write three different languages and come up with one product? What i…

What are some things that make Indians feel proud?

Answer by Prashanth Laxman:

Holding an Indian passport in Yemen had more value that holding an American passport.
America remained almost oblivious and did nothing to protect its citizens in Yemen when there is continuing fighting between the Shia Houthi rebels and the Saudi Arabia-led coalition of 10 nations. Furthermore, Jamal al-Labani, a 45-year-old US citizen had hoped to bring his pregnant wife and 2-year-daughter back to the United States from war-torn Yemen. The 45-year-old al-Labani was on his way back from mosque prayers when he was hit in the back by shrapnel from a mortar shell. He died minutes later.

The picture of the US citizen and his two-year-old daughter.
This is US State Department travel advisory:

The level of instability and ongoing threats in Yemen remain severe. There are no plans for a U.S. government-coordinated evacuation of U.S. citizens at this time. We encourage all U.S. citizens to shelter in a secure location until they are able to depart safely. U.S. citizens wishing to depart should do so via commercial transportation options when they become available. Keep vital records and travel documents close at hand; U.S. citizens should be prepared to depart at a moment’s notice. The airports are currently closed, but may open unexpectedly; other unforeseen opportunities to depart may also suddenly arise.  Additionally, some foreign governments may arrange transportation for their nationals and may be willing to offer assistance to others. There is no guarantee that foreign governments will assist U.S. citizens in leaving Yemen. U.S. citizens who choose to seek foreign government assistance in leaving Yemen should only do so if they can safely make their way to the point of embarkation and have received confirmation that there is space available. Even if assured there is space aboard transportation, U.S. citizens should be aware that there is no guarantee that they will be permitted to board the transport, or may have to wait an indefinite period until they can do so. There is also no guarantee of where travelers will go.

India on the other hand had a challenging task. There were over 3000 Indian citizens more than the number of US citizens in Yemen. PM Narendra Modi personally spoke to Saudi King Salman, New Delhi was allowed a 3-4 hour window during which its planes flew into Yemeni airspace to pick up evacuees from Sana. Ex Army General VK Singh personally went to Yemen to oversee the operation.

Courtesy: Zee media
Moreover, Kerala Government is giving Rs.2000/- to each passenger arriving in Kochi. Maharashtra Government is giving Rs.3,000/- to each passenger arriving in Mumbai. Indian Railways are providing all hospitality and confirmed tickets free of charge for onward journey to their home

Courtesy: The Economic Times

Operation code named Operation Raahat, haven’t gone unnoticed. As on April 6, 23 countries have requested Indian assistance in evacuating their citizens in Yemen.

Some of the Indian nationals’ passports were held by their employers. Indian embassy intervened and got back their passport as well.

Read more at:
How Narendra Modi government rescued 3,500 Indians from war zone Yemen – The Economic Times

What are some things that make Indians feel proud?

Why are some Indians so furious about the BBC documentary ‘India’s Daughter’? Why did the government of India ban this documentary film?

Answer by Suchi Dey:

I think I can tell you exactly why! But first, let me tell you a story…

A couple of days back, I hired an Uber cab to go to a mall in Calcutta to meet some friends. The journey was about 40 minutes long and I was travelling alone. About 20 minutes into my journey, the driver asked me, "Madam, would you mind giving me a 5 star rating for this trip?"
 I said, "No, I don't mind. I will. But why do you ask suddenly?"

He replied with a sad, long face, "Madam, a few days back two lady passengers gave me extremely poor rating, dropping my rating to 2 stars."
When I asked why, this is what he said..
"At around 11.30 PM, I picked up two lady passengers from Quest mall. They were both extremely drunk. One was falling over the other. They sat in the car and started talking about their personal stuff aloud. They were talking about things that made me uncomfortable as a man. But that was still okay. Then they opened up cans of beer and started smoking too. I warned them.. "unko bola, yeh sab nahi chalega gaadi me" but they did not listen.

At one point, it was enough for me. I asked them to stop immediately or I would call Uber office and get their accounts blocked. Then they got angry and started calling me idiot, stupid and what not. They cursed me in english too. (In his thick Bihari accent it sounded funny to an extent, but I saw him weigh his every single word and it made drop dead sense)

Then I asked him, "what did you do then?"
He said, "I made myself to drop them till their home. I did not want to. But still, I did."

I'm sure you get the point of the story. That was my taste of a featured interview with an Indian man.

You ask why India is furious?? Here's why –

On International Women's day, the entire world is going to see a highly skewed picture of India and Indian men. Our men are not male chauvinists. They are supportive to women in equal measure. They are rational, responsible, sensible, protective and sensitive. We all know it, we all live and laugh with them. India's daughters' don't give a fuck about what a rapist has to say about men, women and culture. They just want him to be hanged!

Thanks for A2A.
—————————————————————————
EDIT:
Thanks all of you for sharing your responses and opinions.
This is a very sensitive issue – the issue of rape. Hence, I will cut short my response within limits of reasoning and statistics, not allowing for any emotional bias.

Okay, so you all are justified in all of your concerns. I have them too.

I said the documentary presents a "highly skewed" picture of India and Indian mentality perpetuating rapes.
Some people said, "No! Indian men and their mentality alone are majorly responsible for rapes."

I have nothing but some statistics to highlight here.

Guess which country is the rape capital of the world? It's one of our fav. countries.I'll tell you- it's USA.

"In India, a country of over 1.2 billion people, 24,206 rapes were reported in 2011.  The same year in the United States, a nation of 300 million, 83,425 rapes were reported. In the United States, every 6.2 minutes a woman is raped."

Source: www.more.com, India not ‘rape capital of the world’

Moreover,India with its sick mentality and chauvinist men seem to take the issue of rape pretty seriously. Here you go…

"According to the Guardian, just 7% of reported rapes in the U.K. resulted in convictions during 2011-12. In Sweden, the conviction rate is as low as 10%. France had a conviction rate of 25% in 2006. Poor India, a developing nation with countless challenges, managed an impressive 24.2% conviction rate in 2012. That’s thanks to the efforts of a lot of good people — police, lawyers, victims and their families — working heroically with limited resources."

Source: TIME MAGAZINE ARTICLE: Why Rape Seems Worse in India Than Everywhere Else (but Actually Isn’t) | TIME.com

India features nowhere in the list of Top ten countries with highest rates(r/100,000) of rape.This statistic gives a clearer picture than if we see the total number of reported rapes, as the total goes higher with the population.

Source: http://www.statisticbrain.com/ra…

I would rather like to see few more documentaries along with this one, namely "USA's daughters" and of course "UK's daughters".

Finally, about the ban.
Well, when my nation's and half of its population's image is dragged and stretched to fit stereotypes. I am certainly not okay.
BBC airs its shows on radio, TV and other mass reaching media outlets. Some of our countrymen unfortunately are not educated enough to debate and discuss like us. They might take it in a way which is unhealthy, hatred-prone and anti-social. Why take that risk when frankly the video gave us nothing new, except a rapist narrating his story as the voice of Indian mindset.
I support the ban. That's my opinion. You all are free.

This would be my only edit as I see no point in stretching a sensitive issue beyond a respectable point.

Why are some Indians so furious about the BBC documentary 'India's Daughter'? Why did the government of India ban this documentary film?